- Current Population: 595
- Regional Native Corporation: Calista Corporation
- REAA/School District: Kuspuk Schools
- Latitude: 61° 34' N
- Longitude: 159° 31' W
- Land Area: 4.70
- Water Area: 1.40
Aniak is located on the south bank of the Kuskokwim River at the head of Aniak Slough, 59 miles southwest of Russian Mission in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. It lies 92 air miles northeast of Bethel and 317 miles west of Anchorage.
Tom L. Johnson homesteaded and opened a general store here in 1914, at the site of an old abandoned Yupik village. Eskimos Willie Pete and Sam Simeon brought their families from Ohagamuit to Aniak, which re-established the Native community. A Territorial school opened in 1936. Construction of an airfield began in 1939, followed by the erection of the White Alice radar-relay station in 1956, which closed in 1978.
Aniak's population is primarily Eskimo with some Athabascan residents. Subsistence foods contribute largely to villagers' diets.
The economy of Aniak is based on government, transportation and retail services. As the largest City in the area, Aniak provides services for surrounding villages. Subsistence activities supplement part-time wage earnings, and some commercial fishing. The largest private employers are the Aniak Lodge, Bush-Tell Inc., and Aniak Power & Light. The School District, Kuskokwim Native Assoc. and state agencies also provide employment.
Access to Aniak is limited to air and water. The State-owned airport runway is 6,000' and lighted, and equipped for instrument approaches. Regular flights are provided by several carriers, including charter operators and some major airport improvements have occurred. Fuel and supplies are brought in by barge during the summer; other goods are delivered by air year-round. There is no road connection to other villages, although the frozen river is used as a road by snow machines during winter. The community has requested construction of a road to Chuathbaluk.
Climate is maritime in the summer and continental in winter. Temperatures range between -55 and 87. Average yearly precipitation is 19 inches, with snowfall of 60 inches.